Moses


Moses
Leader of the Israelites. In a way comparable with the legends of other ancient peoples, the story of Moses begins (Exod. 2) with his being hidden at birth to escape a massacre, and then unexpectedly rescued by Pharaoh's daughter and cared for at her request by a Hebrew nurse, who is in fact the child's mother. Thus Moses was brought up in Egyptian regal surroundings. As the narrative proceeds after the infancy stories, Moses left Egypt after an altercation with a fellow Israelite, lived in Midian, got married, and was called to be the leader of his people at the Burning Bush (Exod. 3:1–6). He was equipped by God with powerful weapons against Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who was responsible for reducing the Israelites to slaves; he had the gift [[➝ gifts]] of working miracles, and the cooperation of his eloquent brother Aaron to act as his spokesman (Exod. 4:14). The first gift was exercised by sending plagues of ever-increasing ferocity upon the recalcitrant Egyptians (Exod. 7–11) culminating in the death of all the Egyptian first-born sons (Exod. 12:13), after which Pharaoh was at last coerced into releasing his slaves. They went out into the wilderness under Moses' leadership, where Moses divided the sea (Exod. 14:21–15:21), purified water (Exod. 15:22–5), and guaranteed a victory over Amalek by holding up his hands (Exod. 17:11–12).
Moses was the people's intercessor to God, and God's prophet [[➝ prophets]] to the people. He gave them the Law and he himself acted as a judge and arbitrator (Exod. 18). Thus, he gave the people a national identity and was on the point of leading them to the Promised Land (Canaan) when he ascended Mount Nebo in Moab and there died.
The historicity of Moses has been much discussed by OT scholars. Generally, it is accepted that there are three sources in the narrative known by the symbols J, E, and P, of which the two first are earlier and considered to contain some reliable history; but there is no confirmation of Moses' existence from archaeology or other ancient Near Eastern documents though the name, as also Aaron, is of Egyptian origin. We are left only with the view held about the internal evidence of the Pentateuch itself, where there are inconsistencies and doubts. Though few will nowadays be willing to support the traditional view that Moses himself wrote the five books of the Pentateuch, there are certainly those who regard the leadership of Moses as too firmly based in Israel's corporate memory to be dismissed as pious fiction.
In the NT Moses is named as the giver of the Law (Mark 7:10; Rom. 9:15; 2 Cor. 3:13), as one whose faith in God is an example to the Church (Heb. 3:2; 11:24), and as the prophet of the Messiah (Acts 3:22).
In Matt. Jesus is portrayed as the ‘second Moses’, who proclaims the New Law (Matt. 5–7). At the Transfiguration [[➝ transfiguration]], Moses is said to be present and so authenticates Jesus' claim as uttered by the heavenly voice (Mark 9:7).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • MOSES — (Heb. מֹשֶׁה; LXX, Mōusēs; Vulg. Moyses), leader, prophet, and lawgiver (set in modern chronology in the first half of the 13th century B.C.E.). Commissioned to take the Israelites out of Egypt, Moses led them from his 80th year to his death at… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MOSES — bezeichnet: Mose, Musa oder Moses, die Zentralfigur des „Pentateuch“, führte der biblischen Überlieferung zufolge die Israeliten aus Ägypten in das kanaanäische Land Pentateuch, die „Fünf Bücher Moses“ (440 v. Chr.) in der jüdischen Tora und im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moses — ist der Name folgender Personen: Mose, führte der biblischen Überlieferung zufolge die Israeliten aus Ägypten in das kanaanäische Land Familienname: Albert Moses (* 1937), britischer Schauspieler Andrea Moses (* 1972), deutsche Regisseurin Bob… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moses — • Hebrew liberator, leader, lawgiver, prophet, and historian, lived in the thirteenth and early part of the twelfth century, B. C Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Moses     Moses    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Moses — Moses, Grandma * * * (as used in expressions) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Kunstler, William (Moses) Moses ben Maimon Mendelssohn, Moses Moses ben Menachem Moses ben Shem Tov Moses, Edwin Moses, Grandma Moses, Robert Phoebe Anne Moses …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Moses — «Moses» Sencillo de Coldplay del álbum Live 2003 Género(s) Rock Alternativo Duración 5:29 Discográfica Parlophone, EMI (RU) Capitol Records …   Wikipedia Español

  • MOSES (E.) — MOSES EDWIN (1955 ) Champion olympique du 400 mètres haies à Montréal en 1976, battant en 47,64 s le record du monde détenu depuis les Jeux de Munich en 1972 par l’Ougandais John Akii Bua (47,83 s), l’Américain Edwin Moses réalisera l’exploit de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Moses — Moses1 [mō′zəz, mo′zəs] n. [LL(Ec) < Gr(Ec) Mōsēs < Heb mōsheh, prob. < Egypt mes, mesu, child, son] 1. a masculine name: dim. Mo, Mose 2. Bible the leader who brought the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt and led them to the Promised… …   English World dictionary

  • Moses — Moses, 1) (Moyses), Sohn des Amram u. der Jochebeth aus dem Stamme Levi, geb. um 1574 v. Chr. in Ägypten, u. wegen eines königlichen Befehls, daß alle neugeborenen israelitischen Knaben getödtet werden sollten, schon im dritten Monat seines… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Moses — Moses, Sohn des Leviten Amram und der Jochebed, Bruder Mirjams und Aarons, Befreier, Führer und Gesetzgeber Israels. Nach der traditionellen Auffassung der biblischen Berichte war er als Kind in Gefahr, wie die andern neugebornen Knaben der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moses — Moses, der Prophet, Führer und Gesetzgeber des israelitischen Volkes, Sohn des Amram und der Jochebeth, wurde vor 3000 Jahren in Aegypten, wo sein Volk unter dem Drucke der Könige schmachtete, geb. Dem grausamen Befehle Pharao s, wornach jeder… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon


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